The change to [h] took place to a greater degree in the Gascon language in Gascony, in southwestern France, an area that is close to the Basque Country too. Bistec © Divily / Pixabay. Arabic words and their derivatives were also brought into Spanish by Mozarab Christians who emigrated northwards from Al-Andalus in times of sectarian violence, particularly during the times of Almohad and Almoravid rule in the 12th and 13th centuries. As Spanish went through its first stages of development in Spain, it probably received influences from neighbouring Romance languages, and also from Basque, which is a language isolate and thus completely unrelated to Spanish in origin. As people of different languages intermingle, inevitably some of the words of one language become words of the other. Take the humble sandwich: its name is well entrenched in French, Italian and Spanish! Words which were borrowed many centuries ago have conventional English pronunciations. First thing that comes to my mind is the TV series. , In 711 AD, most of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered by Arabic-speaking Muslims, who had recently also conquered a large part of northwest Africa. About 4,000 words of Arabic origin or influenced by Arabic are found in the regional varieties of Spanish, which can be heard if you are to travel around the southern part of the Iberian Peninsula. In other cases, their simply isn’t an adequate word in their native language. Many Castilians who took part in the Reconquista and later repopulation campaigns of Muslim Iberia were of Basque lineage and this is evidenced by many place names throughout Spain. Most Spanish nouns beginning with the letters al- (from the Arabic definite article) have their origin in Arabic.. Umbrian and Oscan influences have also been postulated for the Roman colonization period. Borrowed Words of Languages. These territories had large numbers of speakers of Arabic, as well as many who spoke local Romance dialects (Mozarabic language) that were heavily influenced by Arabic, both influencing Castilian. Iberian – In October 1492 Christopher Columbus made his first landfall in the Americas, and thereafter Spanish settlers began to come into contact with a host of native American languages. Many of the Spanish words of Germanic origin were already present in Vulgar Latin, and so they are shared with other Romance languages. This is a transcript from the video series The Story of Human Language. Category:Spanish borrowed terms: Spanish terms that are loanwords, i.e. Example: “I will need vanilla syrup for the cup cakes I want to make this afternoon ” Patio: An open area or a courtyard attached to a house. Spanish borrowed words from Arabic in many semantic fields: Many of these borrowings (especially in the scientific field) were then passed on to other languages (English acquired most of them through French). Turkic – words that were directly incorporated from another language. By contrast, lifting has nothing to do with hitching a lift in a car.  Spanish also has lexical influences from Arabic and from Paleohispanic languages such as Iberian, Celtiberian and Basque. Influences from Native American languages, harvcoltxt error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFPenny2002 (, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFSpaulding1943/1971 (, For example, 152 (72%) of the 210 nouns in, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFLapesa1942/1981 (, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFCorominas1980-1991 (, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFCorominas1954-1957 (, Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary), harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFChandlerSchwartz1961/1991 (, Diccionario crítico etimológico de la lengua castellana, Learn how and when to remove this template message, adopted a number of words from some of them, List of Spanish words of Indigenous American Indian origin, List of Spanish words of Philippine origin, Ándalus_El_legado_lingü%C3%ADstico_árabe_en_el_castellano_Resumen, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Influences_on_the_Spanish_language&oldid=990118825, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Military and administrative terms such as, Terms of architecture and craftsmanship such as, Chemical substances and materials such as, Mathematical and astronomical terms such as, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 22:39. 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